Expanding the provision of basic education was a priority for the new government that came into power in Myanmar in 2011. The government tackled large-scale reforms in the education sector such as pushing for the quality of education to meet international standards, revision of the national education law, and the decentralization of the entire system. The allocated budget for education doubled from 2011 to 2012. The Department of Education pushed forward with curriculum and textbook development, teacher training, and performance assessments to reform the sector and implemented the Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR) which evaluated the education system in Myanmar from 2012-2014 and outlined plans for reform.
IC Net sought to support the implementation of CESR through curriculum reform and textbook revisions for elementary schools. The first phase was to develop a framework for the new curriculum and create performance assessment tools. Second was to provide technical assistance through training sessions for school administrators and teachers to facilitate the smooth implementation of the curriculum.