In an effort to meet the goals set forth in the Millennium Development Goals, the Government of Mozambique rolled out various public health initiatives with an ambitious plan to increase the access rate to safe water to 70%. However, in 2015, the access rate remained at 51% according to WHO and UNICEF and recorded an even lower rate of 37% in the rural areas.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) worked with the Government of Mozambique to survey the current state of sanitation, water supply facilities, and the geology of the 6 districts in Niassa Province in order to improve water supply and rural sanitation. The information gathered from the survey helped to design the framework of the project that would build new water sources and rehabilitate existing ones, install sanitation facilities in schools in the target districts, and raise the awareness of the public about adequate hygiene and sanitation practices. JICA commissioned IC Net to evaluate the project design in 5 aspects — relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, impact, and sustainability.